Traditional Towns & Villages in Japan That You Absolutely Have to Visit

Traditional Towns & Villages in Japan That You Absolutely Have to Visit

Explore the Japanese countryside in these off-the-beaten-path destinations.

For most travellers (especially first-timers) visiting the Land of the Rising Sun, the focus is often on exciting cities like Tokyo and Osaka. While there’s no denying that these are iconic destinations, the idyllic towns and villages in Japan are also worth exploring. More than just a change of scenery and pace, these also allow you to experience a different side of Japan — with fewer crowds!

Even in peak seasons, these hidden gems can certainly make you feel like you have the place all to yourself. Some are easily accessible, while others take a bit more effort to get to; some you can visit on a day trip from a major city, while others are best for staying at longer. Here, we’ve gathered up the best villages and small towns in Japan that prove that under-the-radar spots are anything but boring.

Note: This list of places in rural Japan only scratches the surface. At the end of the day, you’ll likely find yourself discovering more unique destinations to add to your future itinerary. But hey, that’s a rather good problem to have, isn’t it?

Also read: Rising Japanese YouTubers that English-Speaking Japan Fans Should Follow

Most beautiful villages in Japan

1. Shirakawa-go, Gifu

villages in Japan

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Let’s begin with Shirakawa-go — considered the most beautiful among all the villages in Japan! Dotting its fields are 60 whimsical traditional houses built in an architectural style called gassho-zukuri. This translates to “hands clasped in prayer,” in reference to the steep roofs made of dried grass. Some of these centuries-old huts have now been repurposed into museums, cafes, and guest houses for tourists, while the rest serve as private property!

Shirakawa-go is also quite the splendid winter wonderland. Should you be visiting in January and February, don’t miss the special nighttime illumination sessions. Watch these gassho-zukuri houses come alive with fairy lights against a backdrop of silver snow. 

Also read: Snow In Japan Is Absolutely Magical: Here Are the Destinations to Prove It!

2. Toyone-mura, Aichi

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Located at the foot of the Southern Alps, Toyone-mura is one of Japan’s snow villages worth visiting. It’s also home to Chausuyama Plateau, aka the only ski area in Aichi. Aside from skiing, it’s also perfect for other adrenaline-filled adventures like sledding, snowboarding, and mountain biking! (The latter is for warmer months, of course.)

Speaking of other seasons, this hidden gem in rural Japan also has the earliest autumn foliage in the prefecture. Come late spring, there’s the annual Shibazakura Festival, where you’ll see fields carpeted in these vibrant pink flowers. 

Also read: Exploring the Asian Alps: 7 Countries to Visit For An Awesome Alpine Vacation

3. Yamakoshi-mura, Niigata

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Yamakoshi-mura is another idyllic place for a glimpse of the Japanese countryside. It boasts breathtaking views of rice paddy fields, pine forests, and koi ponds so exquisite that they belong in a painting. It’s almost hard to believe that this village was struck by a massive earthquake in 2004, which you can learn more about at the Orataru Cultural Centre

Enjoy interacting with adorable animals? We recommend visiting Yamakoshi Yubu Alpaca Farm. The original alpacas were from an American donor, who gave these as a gift for the locals to lift their spirits after that said earthquake. Admission to the farm is free, though you might wanna leave a donation to support these fluffy critters.

Small towns in Japan that you should explore

4. Biei, Hokkaido

small towns in Japan

Image credit: Ken Shono

It’s easy to see why Biei is among the more popular towns in rural Japan. Featuring a lush hilly landscape and a vast patchwork of seasonal blooms, it’s the quintessential floral scenery that Hokkaido is known for. For a complete countryside experience, you might wanna rent a bicycle to explore the area! 

Make sure to visit the town’s crowning glory: Shikisai No Oka, whose name translates to “Four Seasons Hill.” From April to October, you can enjoy the sight of various blossoms like tulips, lavender, sunflowers, Japanese anemones, and more! Other must-visit natural attractions include Patchwork Road, Panorama Road, and the nearby Blue Pond

Also read: 17 Unique Experiences to Add to Your Hokkaido Itinerary

5. Kurashiki, Okayama

small towns in Japan

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While not exactly a small town, the city of Kurashiki has a historic area that dates back to the Edo Period. This is called the Bikan Historical Quarter, where canals cut between the streets brimming with weeping willows and white-walled kominka (traditional houses). Fun fact: Kurashiki roughly translates to “town of storehouses,” in reference to these kominka that were formerly rice storehouses.

Nowadays, these picturesque structures serve as cafes, boutiques, souvenir shops, and museums. Kurashiki is also one of those old towns in Japan that feel calm and relaxing, even during the busy holiday season. Taking a boat ride to explore the place is certainly a must-do! 

6. Hakone, Kanagawa

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Few things feel more invigorating than enjoying mountain views while on vacation. When small towns in Japan, surely a view of Mount Fuji ought to be part of your bucket list. For this, we recommend Hakone, situated inside Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park and just about a two-hour drive from Tokyo. 

This misty mountain town sits at the base of Mount Hakone, a volcano whose eruption from centuries ago formed the now-famous Lake Ashinoko. Apart from this, Hakone is known for its onsen (hot springs), temples, castles, and open-air museums. You can also go on sightseeing tours aboard a gondola lift, train, and pirate ship — how cool is that?  

7. Ginzan Onsen, Yamagata

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Speaking of secluded hot spring towns in Japan, another excellent pick would be Ginzan Onsen. Its name translates to “silver mountain hot spring,” as it used to be the site of a silver mine. Filled with ryokan (traditional inns) and other Taisho-period structures, it offers a serene atmosphere where time seems to slow down.

It’s especially popular during wintertime, where both locals and foreigners flock to witness the dazzling snowscape amid a quaint light-filled village. It’s quite the quintessential scenery reminiscent of a Studio Ghibli film. If this sounds like your cup of tea, you might wanna book at least six months in advance. Ginzan Onsen is rather small with a limited number of ryokan

Also read: A Guide to Staying at A Japanese Ryokan: The Dos and Don’ts

8. Shodoshima, Kagawa

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Did you know that there’s an island town in Japan with a Mediterranean climate? On Shodoshima, one can expect pristine golden beaches, bountiful olive groves, fishing villages, and even white windmills. It’s popular among locals as the filming location of the  1954 Japanese classic, Twenty-Four Eyes

It’s nicknamed the Island of Small Beans, which originally pertains to adzuki beans. Although today, it more fittingly refers to Shodoshima’s top exports: olive and traditionally made soy sauce. Another must-try culinary staple would be  Shodoshima soumen, a special type of soup dish where the thread-like wheat noodles are meticulously hand-stretched and sun-dried to give it a glutinous texture. 

Also read: 10 Must-Visit Prefectures in Japan That Are Waiting for You to Discover Them 

So, which of these small towns and villages in Japan would you love to visit first? It’s never too early to get started on planning your trip — especially now that the country is getting closer to reopening to foreign tourists

In the meantime, you might wanna brush up on these essential phrases that’ll come in handy when venturing into the Japanese countryside. 

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About Author

Marcy Miniano
Marcy Miniano

A fast-talking caffeine-dependent wordsmith, Marcy has never been one to shy away from sharing a good story or two. If she’s not in a quiet coffee shop somewhere, she enjoys spending afternoons in a museum or art gallery — whether it’s around Metro Manila or a foreign city she’s visiting. She wishes to retire in a winter village someday, so she can fulfil her lifelong dream of wearing turtlenecks all year round and owning a pet penguin.